Is Walking the Dog Regularly Necessary?

Every dog ​​should have a safe space to play and rest. Although the fenced yard also allows dogs to love the space to practice and run, and many owners believe that the dog has trained enough in the yard. However, the owner should walk the dog about 1-2 times a day because running around the yard, or up and down the stairs is not really enough for pet dogs to exercise health.

If you have never taken your beloved dog for a walk, you will never enjoy the happiness of being with your dog. People often think that dogs need ample space for rest, but actually, what they need is your time, your presence, your care and care.

Staying in the familiar yard for a long time, dogs will start to get bored; And if you see your neighbor’s dog walking outside, the dog will bark loudly, whine, or somersault to attract your attention. Take your pet dog to the play area, small alley or an open space near the house that you have not had the opportunity to explore.

If you love novelty and exciting exploration, so do dogs. In addition, when walking together, you will discover, it seems that you and your dog understand each other better, just by eye contact or small movements. There, you are tightening the bond of affection and non-verbal communication with your dog through that walk.

In addition, while walking, your dog will learn how to interact with other dogs in the area. This is great for puppies, as they can learn how dogs communicate when interacting with dogs older than them. If you and your dog can walk more than 1km a day, both will exercise health and endurance, burn excess calories, enjoy the fresh air and be curious about the neighbors.

Remember to watch the weather before you begin the journey to explore the world around your dog. A dog’s tolerance to heat depends on many factors such as body weight, thin coat and breed. Remember to consult with your veterinarian about your baby’s fitness needs, as well as their temperature tolerance limits.

Schedule a walk on warm, beautiful and cool days, so that you and your pet can both walk and admire the beautiful scenery and breathe the fresh air.

Puppy Afraid of Being Home Alone, What to Do?

Puppies are just like humans, they need their owners’ love for them. Especially with many puppies, they also have anxiety and fear when no owner is around, they will feel lonely, have strange expressions and gradually have a mental state similar to depression. A few other species are destructive, causing noise (like howling, barking) and disturbing houses when no one is home. So how can they be obedient at home alone without being entangled by health problems or disturbing people? Here are some tips for you.

What could have happened?

All puppies should not be left alone for an extended period of time. One form of attention when they are left out for a long time is that they will disrupt furniture, bark loudly and can bite people up close. Or there are puppies with panic attacks, who are depressed, refuse to eat and do not want to be near their owner anymore.

Which dogs often feel insecure when alone?

The type of dog that is likely to fall into insecurity is a rescue dog, especially for those who leave home to go to a training camp or to a new working environment, they will become unscrupulous and difficult to treat. Or maybe puppies with a shy, sensitive and docile appearance, they tend to cling to their owners quickly but easily become autistic when no owner is around.

The anxiety of abandonment is more likely to happen to puppies who have moved house when they are under one year old and especially dogs that have to go through the owner too many times, these dogs are often very aggressive and difficult to teach.

How to reduce fear of being alone?

You can train your dog by following these steps:

Step 1: Leave the puppy in the room they usually stay in, close the door and go away

Step 2: After a while (less than five minutes), go back and skip the greeting with the dog.

Step 3: Repeat this several times, in the same manner and at the same time of day. Step by step, gradually increasing the amount of time your dog stays alone.

Step 4: If your dog is annoyed, starts barking, rakes open the door, or when you come back to see him chewing on anything, next time he is alone for a shorter time . In addition, the dog’s training process should be adjusted slowly to better suit the personality of each dog.

Step 5: Keep doing this until your dog can tolerate your absence for 30 minutes without any problems.

Step 6: Once you’re successful at step 5, try to leave your dog alone in the room at any time and go to work on your daily tasks like getting dressed or getting your keys.

You should also pay attention to a few issues in training:

– Before making a plan to leave the puppy alone in the room, let your puppy get some exercise, which can lead him to walk or play games. This will give your dog some time to feel calmer.

– When you’re out, don’t say goodbye to your dog – just go ahead. It will reduce the feeling that you are not at home.

– If you just left a short time, before, give your puppy a snack to make it feel more comfortable and sleepy.

– The room you leave your dog in should be carefully selected to minimize damage. It is best to stay away from places with lots of valuable wires or furniture to avoid them from sabotaging. That place should also calculate how to make if the dog barking is less disturbing to the neighbors. It is important to note that your pet should not be left in the garden but kept indoors as they will feel safer.

– Can be left alone with a few gnawing toys – a leather item with a little puppy favorite fastened between classes can attract attention and they will be distracted In the first few minutes you leave. The first time is when the dog is feeling the most stress, so this will help them overcome anxiety and gradually get used to being alone.

– Leave an old shirt before leaving to help your dog smell your smell, he will not feel you abandoned it. For the shirt to keep your smell, wear it before you go out; or no, put them in the laundry basket to prepare for washing, you will not have to bother to wear again.

– Some dogs seem to be relieved to hear the familiar sounds of a melody playing on the radio. Or you can record a 30-minute family conversation and play it for your dog when you leave (but if you’re traveling long or long, this won’t work).

– Whatever your reason, you should not be angry, yell at or punish your dog for doing so only makes the situation worse. If something goes wrong, reconsider your responsibilities and if necessary, ask someone to help and look after them (which the dog knows) to help you when you’re away.

Symptoms of anxiety dog ​​being abandoned


– Dogs keep following you from room to room, do not want to take your eyes off you for even a moment.

– The dog shows that he has a special interest in only one family member and ignores the rest.

– All the physiological signs of fear can manifest as increased heart rate, breathing rate, gasping for breath, drooling, excessive hyperactivity and sometimes even urinating. The dog is always trying to follow you. They will scratch the door, scratch the carpet, nibble on the door frame, or jump up to look out through the window. In addition, your puppy may bark, whine or howl in an attempt to convince you to come back. These symptoms will appear in the first 15 minutes when you leave home.

– After this “crazy” period, your pet may feel calm. They begin to chew on something you’ve touched earlier, because they’re still lingering on your smell. Dogs can chew and tear these items into small pieces and then roll and roll between them. This seems to make your puppy feel like there’s a layer of your scent around him and protecting him.

– If you want to raise more cats and dogs just for fun, then consider again! Because adding a pet may not solve anything, it can make your puppy with you feel more sorry.

If you follow these tips and your dog is still not making progress, or is in a “down” mood, take the dog immediately to the vet for timely treatment and receive more advice!

6 Note of Pneumonia Dog Care

Taking care of dogs with pneumonia is simple. But it’s not easy, if you don’t know how. Besides understanding the causes, symptoms and scientific care.

You should also know the following notes to help your dog recover soon and be healthy.

Note when taking care of dogs with pneumonia

The following notes will give you some additional ways to effectively prevent your pet.

  • Keep your dog’s home clean. Leaving a dog’s environment dirty, polluted, damp will create favorable conditions for viruses, bacteria, parasites to multiply and attack the dog’s body.
  • Clean your dog’s food bowls and utensils after each meal. Give your dog the habit of going to the toilet in the right place. And clean up the dog’s waste cleanly afterwards.
  • When you suspect that your dog has pneumonia or bronchitis, you should never give him away.
  • While dogs are sick, they will become anorexic and even refuse to eat. But you need to find ways to add enough nutrients to your dog during this time. Healthy, the dog will recover soon.
  • Taking care of dogs with pneumonia needs to keep them warm, so they do not get too cold, especially at night. This is really not good for the dog’s respiratory system.
  • Need to isolate sick dogs from other dogs, other animals and also with family members to avoid spreading the disease. Also avoid direct dog contact with the floor, whereby the virus will spread parasites and cause disease.

Symptoms of pneumonia in dogs

As stated in the previous article, dogs will show some of the following if they become ill:

  • At the beginning of the dog disease, there are signs of fatigue, loss of appetite, wheezing, shortness of breath, and not being as agile as usual
  • After that there will be additional symptoms such as high fever and red mucosa
  • Heavy teary and runny nose
  • Dogs with a dry cough. Although coughing a little, each cough will make the dog painful and difficult. The coughing attacks will increase gradually. The most coughing time is in the early morning and at night when the temperature is low
  • Dogs get more and more tired, stay still, don’t go anywhere. Trying to breathe quickly, the mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth dark red and then gradually turn pale due to lack of oxygen in the blood.
  • If left untreated, the dog will die after a few days

Methods of diagnosing pneumonia in dogs

Through clinical symptoms, you can detect the disease in dogs at home. However, pneumonia needs to be distinguished from the following diseases because the symptoms are quite similar:

  • Inflammation of the nasal mucosa
  • Laryngitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Acute pharyngitis
  • Lung abscess

For the most accurate diagnosis, you should take your dog to a veterinarian. The doctor will conduct a clinical examination. And use diagnostic imaging tools to identify a dog’s lung condition.

X-ray | Take care of dogs with pneumonia

A chest x-ray is performed, such as a blood test. Including blood chemistry tests, blood counts can all be done to increase accuracy.

A chest x-ray will help doctors detect respiratory infection. A blood test helps detect infections.

To determine which antibiotic treatment is needed for your dog, a lung fluid test may be needed. This will help the doctor know if there is bacteria in the dog’s lungs. From there give the appropriate drug.

If your dog is suffering from respiratory failure, your veterinarian may analyze the blood. This helps to determine the oxygen and carbon dioxide level in the blood.

How to Choose Funny Dog Shirt Styles to Suit Your Body Shape?

The dressing is the first thing that we notice into an individual’s personality that we look into. It is perfect for you to get introduced to your sense of style. Every person has one or other dressing styles that can optimally suit them without much hassle. It is convenient for you to look into the one that is good to try for the perfect piece of cloth that can help you to look perfect.

In addition, we are helping you to understand how to choose for the perfect funny dog shirts that can make look cool and classy altogether. If you are struggling to find the perfect dog shirt for yourself, then continue reading the article until the end.

How to choose perfect clothes for yourself? Easy tips for you!!

Star Wars Baby Yoda Hug British Bulldog T-shirt


It is perfect for you to understand the importance of the clothes over your body as you cannot go for any random piece of cloth. Dressing right can instantly enhance your personality without much hassle. Everyone has a different body shape and structure, and you must be considerate about it while dressing. When you consider body shape while dressing, then you automatically look much better, and you highlight your asset rather than showing your flaws. However, it is true that confidence is the key for you to look perfect for you in every outfit.

Types of body shape

  1. A pear-shaped body: if you have a pear-shaped body, then you must look for the clothes that highlight your asset instead, making it look weird. You must go for such clothes that can perfectly balance the shape of your figure and making you look more confident than ending up looking lousy. It would be best if you consider going for the pashminas and vibrant neckpieces. Also, you can go for the puff sleeves and bateau neckline that can appropriately embellish the look of your shoulders. When pondering to choose for the colors, then dark and solid colors can come in handy for you. women with the pear-shaped body should refrain themselves from tight pants, Capri pants, short skirts as well as pencil skirts instead choose to go with tailored, flared pants and A-line skirts as they look perfect for you.
  2. An apple-shaped body: if you are a person with the a-shaped body, then v-neck tops and t-shirts can do wonders for you. It is convenient for you to choose for the optimal dresses that draw attention well from mid to waistline. When going for the dresses, then choose for the belly covering one as it looks perfect for you without much hassle. You would look better in it as you can simply highlight the apple-shaped body that is your asset instead of hiding it to any extent. If you are willing to look thinner from the top, then you avoid bulky tops and clingy silhouettes. Instead, layered tops and tunics can work better for you in making you look classic. When you are willing to tuck your dress right, then rather than choosing for the belly belts, go for the bust belts that will not only look more classic but also help you in highlighting your asset.
  3. Rectangular body shape: when wanting to find the optimal outfit for a rectangular outfit, then it can be a tiring job surely. It is convincing for you to go for the perfect cloth that can add curves to your body without much hassle. Women with rectangular body shape can consider going for the baggy outfits as that will not only make their body look fuller but also can assist you in dealing with your body perfectly. It would be better for you to go for the high-waist pants that can help you in creating your curves when you don’t have natural curves. However, wearing these baggy outfits with a convenient belt technique can help you to look much more classy than before. Also, it will instantly boost your confidence. People with a lesser budget for outfits should be choosing for the perfect baggy outfits, and that is affordable compared to the other fitted clothes.

Also, you should be experimental towards your closet and should choose for the one that is an optimal way of looking better in your clothes. You can consider going for outfits like funny dog shirts or some other prints that can make you look cute and much better for your rectangular body shape.

Bonus tip: here is a bonus tip for you that can help you to look perfect in your budget. You must be wondering about fashion influencers that look amazingly awesome with the baggy and skinny collaboration of clothes. You should never go for the complete skinny or baggy clothes that would help you to look much better as similar to the fashionable diva. If you want to look perfect with every outfit of yours, then you should go for the classic look that is easy to pull off and have you convincing. Additionally, one should refrain themselves from the eccentric fashion in which you will end up looking like a fool. So, it is better for you to be selective with your fashion style that you go ahead with for looking better.

The final verdict

From the details mentioned above, we can easily conclude to the fact that it is convenient for you to choose for the dressings according to your body shape. Additionally, when you dress according to the body shape, that can suit your body conveniently as you can look better.

People should understand the importance of wearing their dressing accurately for looking better. It is perfect for you to know the importance of body shape that you have to go along with your outfit. Additionally, we have taken a look at how to choose the perfect dress for yourself without much hassle. You can surely be considerate about the details mentioned above whole finding the perfect size funny dog shirts for yourself.

Do Leopard Geckos Need Substrate?

Choosing a substrate can be one of the most confusing aspects of setting up a tank for leopard geckos. There are many discussions about the safest and best substrates for your age and gecko size.

Paper towels, although less attractive in a terrarium than other options, are one of the most popular substrates on the market. For juveniles and newborns (less than a year old), paper towels may be your best choice as a substrate. For adults, there are more choices available to you, but with all the recommendations, making a decision can be confusing. Here is an overview of some options to choose from (and some to avoid). Let us have a look at the best substrate for leopard gecko.

Do Leopard Geckos Need Substrate?

Paper napkins

As mentioned earlier, paper towels are one of the best substrates for juvenile leopard geckos (as well as sick geckos), but they can also be used for an adult leopard gecko. With paper towels, you are not afraid of swallowing or inhaling a substrate. They are very absorbent, hygienic and easy to clean (which reduces the risk of disease). It also makes it easier to monitor health (for example, eating, having a bowel movement).

The downside to paper towels is that your gecko can’t burrow inside and they’re unnatural in their original habitat. If your gecko does not like to burrow and you are not worried about a natural-looking environment, consider the paper towels as a substrate for your leopard gecko.


Sand is where the debate over substrates is heated. Sand’s considered by some to be dangerous, due to the risk of ingestion and impaction (due to accidental or intentional ingestion to meet calcium requirements). Ingestion of sand is a greater risk for juveniles, so it is recommended not to use sand with juvenile geckos. Dust (which can cause respiratory problems) and the growth of bacteria or mold in wet sand are other potential problems with sand. However, some keepers prefer sand as a substrate because of the ease of waste recovery, the natural appearance and the capacity of leopard geckos to bury themselves there.

Healthy, well-supplemented adult geckos are less likely to ingest sand. If you choose sand, use it only with healthy adult geckos (never juvenile geckos or sick geckos). Choose fine-grained sand. Calcium-based sand is said to be digestible and therefore safer, but it is digested too slowly to be considered an intrinsically safe option. Provide a calcium supplement dish to help meet calcium needs (to prevent MBD). Feeding prey in a dish can also reduce the risk of ingestion. If sand begins to appear in the stool, you should stop using it immediately as this indicates that your gecko is ingesting it. Also watch for signs of obstruction indicating the need for an urgent visit to the veterinarian. These signs include decreased appetite, decreased stool, lethargy and dark spots on the abdomen (sand pierced in the intestines seen through the skin).


Like paper towels, sheets of paper are simple but secure and make it easy to clean your leopard gecko’s cage. You can get brown butcher’s paper or unprinted newsprint at a very economical price, and only replace the soiled substrate.

Layers of shredded paper are also available and are generally safe for leopard geckos. They do not often ingest paper litter, but if they do, the paper used becomes very soft and should pass through your gecko without any problem.

Indoor / outdoor or reptile carpet

This is also easy to clean and has little risk of ingestion (watch for wires that could possibly be ingested or trap a leg), but some carpets may be a little rough for gecko skin (watch for redness on the belly of your leopard gecko). Keep two parts handy for easy cleaning (if one is soiled, remove it for thorough cleaning and replace with the second part. When it is disinfected and dry, you can simply swap them out again).

Prepackaged reptile bedding

Do Leopard Geckos Need Substrate?

There are a variety of reptile bedding products and some people use them with geckos. Some are made up of small particles that can be ingested during feeding and many experts advise against them. If you choose such a substrate, take the same precautions as for sand. Shells and crushed nuts are not good options for this reason, but substrates such as a mixture of soil and wood chips have their own concerns. Large pieces can impale your gecko or get stuck in their mouths.

Slate Rocks

Some owners use slate rocks fixed in a small amount of sand to anchor them and fill the spaces between the rocks. If you can get flat and smooth stones, this seems to be a good option to create a naturalistic environment which retains and distributes heat well without too much risk of ingestion of substrate (the amount of sand between the stones is less likely to be a problem than an open space. of sand).

Substrates to always avoid

Wood shavings, wood shavings, corn on the cob, nutshells and gravel are not suitable choices for leopard geckos. As noted earlier, these substrate options carry a variety of risks.

The substrate is the most essential element in your terrarium, it is the litter of your animal. There are different types of substrate that adapts to your leopard gecko both juvenile and adult.

What criteria should be taken into account when choosing a substrate?

Do Leopard Geckos Need Substrate?

First of all, you need to determine the needs of your gecko according to its age, size, behavior, environment … the most important thing when choosing a substrate is safety. Many reptiles discover their environment with the tongue, the gecko for example licks the ground, it can then involuntarily ingest its substrate and risk an intestinal obstruction. In addition, in the event of a deficiency such as a trace element for example, your reptile will voluntarily swallow its litter, as much as not choosing a harmful one, lethal for him! Its safety must take precedence over the aesthetics of the terrarium.

The second criterion is the thermal capacity of the substrate. A too insulating litter does not allow the gecko to have heat, while a poorly insulating litter will tend to overheat the environment. The ability to transmit heat should be taken into account when making your choice to avoid any problems. Depending on your heating system, you should choose a more or less thick litter. Heating that transmits heat through the floor will require a large amount of litter to prevent your gecko from getting burned while roaming its environment.

Geckos hunt their prey even in captivity, so you need a litter where you can see what has been eaten or not in order to detect a possible anomaly. Geckos feeding on crickets and locusts, prefer a substrate where he will see them easily. Food habits and terrarium layout go hand in hand, you cannot choose your substrate without its two criteria.

Last Words

Finally, the last criterion for choosing a substrate is the absorption capacity and its ease of cleaning. If your terrarium is wet you risk the development of bacteria and therefore diseases for your gecko. Absorption is a non-negligible criterion, liquids and discharges must be immediately absorbed to prevent any risk. The litter must not only absorb liquids, but it must also be easy to maintain for you. Difficult to maintain litter can be improperly cleaned and create more bacteria.

Where do Cottontail Rabbits Live?

Where do cottontail rabbits live?

The cottontail rabbits are most common species that can be found all over the Eastern-to mid- Western USA from Canada to South America. The cottontail rabbits usually like to live on the edges of fields and meadows, where there are plenty of herbs and grasses and also brushwood covered with. The Eastern cottontail does not dig their own holes, but they can re-use the burrows of other animals. However, these species are naughtily lovely. This species also find the best hiding spots to hide away from predators. This Eastern cottontail rabbit express a higher resistance to myxomatosis than the European rabbits. Its lifespan is about two years, based on the location they live.

Pick the best indoor rabbit cage

Pick the best indoor rabbit cage

In general, having a pet is a two-way relationship. They can make you pleasure, so you must also make them joy in return. Apart from giving sufficient water and food to your pet, you can make sure to find the right place for them to sleep and play that would be more appreciated. Right now, one of the greatest places to stay them relax is picking the best cage for happy home pets, that routinely supports to prevent your pet from getting sick. Apart from cleaning the floor, you can also go through a cleaning like brushing the whole cage once per year. Therefore, this will not only give a nice place for your pet to live, but also extend the life of an indoor cage for many years.

Normally, the pets are very fun to play with and that is why; you want to search for a good cage with simple entry, so you can simply take your pet out without hurting them. Actually, the indoor cage with a top open is your good bet, as it will offer you more opening space for taking a rabbit in and out. You should also remember that your pet want to obtain the one with a large entry, if you cannot even discover the one with a top opening. In addition to, you must also look for a cage with a strong base and you can locate a newspaper on the floor to make cleaning a lot simpler.

Necessity of indoor rabbit cages

Necessity of indoor rabbit cages

Now, the indoor rabbit cages are widely available that becomes possible to keep your rabbits as pets indoors, where you happen to live in a place without the outdoors compound. At present, the indoor rabbit cages come in a wide range of styles, sizes and materials. Among all the rabbit cages, it is quite complex to discover a properly made indoor cage that does not integrate a woven wire minimum partly in its outdoor structure. However, this indoor cage tends to integrate the tiny wheels and makes it possible to move the cages around the rooms that they are located in during the cleaning times.

As like any other fashion rabbit cages, these indoor cages have a tendency to participate what can be referred to as a tray structure on their bottom level. This builds the base and basis of the cages. Overall, this indoor rabbit cage is inclined to be a larger than the rabbit cages made for outdoor use. This is normally done; because of the space considerations in the indoors. This rabbit cage in indoor is big enough to accommodate the rabbits more comfortably and also provided them playing space. Otherwise, the rabbits are finishing up with stress; because playing is a most essential part of rabbit’s life.

Taking care of your pet with the best cage for your rabbit

Taking care of your pet with the best cage for your rabbit

No doubt, rabbits are one of the amazing happy home pets that you need to take care of them with a best cage. If you have rabbits as a pet, you should ensure a few things. One of the most essential things that you want to have for this pet is cage. The rabbits can easily be toilet trained, so you do not have to worry the idea of keeping them within your place. Also, you cannot even let it roam around anywhere in the home and hence need an indoor cage to take care of them. Thus, this cage can support your rabbit to feel secure and safe other than controlling its access inside your home.

Dominance Theory

dog training behavior problems nutrition history ethology
Dominance can be a very controversial issue. Some trainers will tell you that you have to roll a dog over and growl in his face to exert your dominance. Others will act so negatively towards that idea, that they are afraid to mention it at all.
Canine ethology is pretty tricky because it is very difficult to study dogs. What is their natural habitat? Every family is different and dogs are used for many different purposes. There is no ideal setting to study dogs and putting them in a lab is out of the question. Studying wolves in the wild is very difficult. It’s hard to know which wolves are part of which pack and they move around too much to really study.
Some scientists thought they found the ideal solution: study captive wolves. Many of the thoughts of dominance theory came from these studies. The most famous would be the Yellowstone wolf reintroduction program and the Monks of New Skete observation in the 1970s, although scientists have been studying captive wolves since the 1940s.
dogs training behavior Both studies introduced adult wolves and noticed that there was a lot of fighting over resources. “Alpha’s” would exert their dominance over lower ranking wolves and they were constantly fighting for that “top dog” position.
Because of this, some trainers will tell you that you should put chokechains or prong collars on your dogs to simulate the corrections of the alpha dog. You may hear that you need to pinch their necks or remain aloof because that is the way that animals in the wild behave.
The problem: Animals in the wild don’t behave that way. Almost never will a dominant animal use force to gain control. Real leaders are more subtle than that. There is an old saying in the business world “If you have to tell them you’re boss, then you’ve lost them already.” Real leaders are cool. Real leaders are calm. Real leaders lead because others want to follow. Think of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Think of Mohondas Ghandi or Cesar Chavez. Emulate real leaders.
Earlier I used the qualifier “almost never” do animals rule by force in the wild. It does sometimes happen, but it is rare and when it happens, there is invariably an uprising. They kill that leader. And it has to be that way. Sadly, to see the human equivalent of this, you don’t have to look much further than Tunisia or Libya today. Unfortunately, there are many examples of this. Remember, leaders are cool and they are calm. It is very hands off. If you find yourself using your hands or legs then you are doing it wrong. Always use common sense. Ask yourself if this is something you would do to a child. Be a real leader.
dog training behavior problems nutrition history ethology
Dogs are not tame wolves, even though they’re genetically similar. Dogs are closer to wolf pups than they are to adult wolves. Dogs and wolves differ by about 0.2% of their mitochondrial DNA.  A dog is a wolf in arrested development. A dog is a wolf who will never reach full maturity.
Real wolf packs are not made up of competing adults, wolf packs are made up of the alpha male and female (AKA the mom and dad) the beta (older siblings who have survived) and the wolf pups. Most wolf pups do not survive to see their second birthday. Those that do survive go off and form their own packs. All wolves will become alpha if they live long enough.
The truth is that you have to be the leader of your pack. You have to be in control of your dog. Your dog is the wolf pup, he is the infant. This is our world and we know what’s best for dogs in our world. We know that they have to go to the vet or the groomers. We know that they have to have walks and baths and get their teeth brushed. We know what’s best for them because this is our world. Dogs who do not know who’s in charge end up very stressed out and unhealthy. Often they make bad decisions. Sometimes those bad decisions include biting.
I wrote earlier that if you wouldn’t do it to a child, then don’t do it to a dog. A child is not happy if they think their parents are not in control of any situation and dogs are no different. They need to know that you are in control in order to feel safe and secure.
The catch is that you have to be in control the right way. You have to be firm, you have to be fair, you have to be consistent and you have to control the resources. Dogs don’t work for free. Show them you’re the boss by controlling the paycheck. The simple act of cuing a dog to sit and then giving them a treat for sitting is all it takes to raise your status. It is unnecessary and sometimes even harmful to do anything else.
But don’t take my word for it:
AVSAB Position Statement on the Use of Dominance Theory in Behavior ModificationPDF
Experts Say Dominance-Based Training Techniques Made Popular By Television Contribute to Dog Bites
What Were They Thinking? More Than We Knew
Behavioral Science Turns to Dogs for Answers
dog training behavior understanding history

Introducing Dogs and Children

Children and dogs can be the best of friends. However, it is wise to go slowly. Many dogs can find the high pitched squeals and quick movements of children to be rather scary. Some children can find the rambunctious playfulness of some puppies to be intimidating. With patience, most dogs and children can be taught to enjoy each other, they often form deep bonds that stay with them long into adulthood.
Introducing Children to a New Dog
spay neuter dogs
Step 1: Before you even get the dog, you should teach the child the right way to pet a dog. Once the child understands that the best way to approach a dog is in a calm manner, then you can take him to meet the potential puppy. Walk the child through the right way to greet and pet a dog. Several times, if necessary.
Step 2: “A bribe is a charm to the one who gives it; where ever he turns, he succeeds.” (Proverbs 17:8) When the dog and child meet for the first time, instruct the child to give the dog a treat. Make sure that your child is holding the treat under the dogs head and that his palm is flat. It is much safer for the dog to lick the treat off a child’s hand than it is for him to try to grab it with his teeth.
Step 3: Ensure that both the child and the puppy feel that there is an escape route. Cornered animals can be dangerous!
Step 4: If the child is fearful and the dog is excitable, keep the dog on a leash. This way the child will feel that he has an escape route.  If the dog gets too rambunctious, you can lead him out side until he calms down. Several times, if necessary. Go slowly, for sake of the kid and the dog.
Step 5: Make sure that the dog has a “den” (i.e. a crate or other preferred hiding place) that he can hide in when he gets too overwhelmed.
Step 6: Let sleeping dogs lie. Children need to be taught not to pet dogs when they are eating or sleeping.
Introducing a Dog to a New Baby
If you have a new baby, you want to give your dog some time to adjust to the sudden and drastic changes that will soon disrupt his tidy little routine. You had nine months to prepare for your little bundle of joy, but this will be all new to your dog.
Step 1: When you find out that you are expecting, set down some new rules and begin enforcing them before the baby comes. Not after. This way, his new routine will be set when the baby comes and the change won’t seem as drastic. Whether or not he is allowed to jump, if he is no longer allowed in certain rooms, etc. should all be established before the baby comes home.
Step 2: Teaching the dog a “move” or “back” command will be very useful when the mothers arms are holding the baby or when baby is old enough to crawl. This way nobody trips over a dog and becomes injured.
Step 3: Get your dog used to baby sounds. Babies aren’t quiet. They gurgle, they squeal, they scream and cry and all of this sounds unusual to dogs who aren’t used to kids. More alarming, some of the sounds that babies make can even sound like prey! It is very important that your dog is used to these noises long before the baby comes home. Some pet stores and many online stores sell c.d.s of baby noises that can be really helpful in habituating Rover to little Jr.
Step 4: Gather your dogs toys and put them in their own little toy chest. Dog toys and children’s toys look very much alike, and many dogs get confused over who’s toy belongs to whom. Teach Fido that his toys only come from his toy chest.
Step 5: Before you bring the baby into your home, let the dog sniff the blanket that the baby was wrapped in. Getting your dog used to the little one’s smells will make the greeting easier for him. When mom comes home, have someone else hold the baby so she can greet the dog. He will be very happy to see her and in the excitement, you don’t want the baby to be injured. Once he has settled down, let him sniff the baby. 
Step 6: Don’t forget your dog. Once that baby comes, your house is going to be turned on end. Make sure that you still have a bit of time to devote to giving Rex his mental and physical exercise. Set reminders to let the dog out to do his business. If you are not meeting your dog’s needs, then he will look for stimulation elsewhere. Don’t blame it on “Jealousy,” this is just what happens when a dog’s needs aren’t met. Doggy Day Camps or professional dog walkers can all help lighten your load. If you have older children, they can be a big help to you as well.
Never leave a dog and baby unattended. Ever. Accidents happen, no matter how sweet and trustworthy the dog or the baby is. There is very little room for error on this. Always supervise infant and dog interaction.
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Bringing Home Baby

You’ve seen them; little bundles of joy, 8 weeks old, covered in fur, big eyes peaking out at you and taking everything in. Maybe you were passing the pet store in the mall and a sign with big bold letters read “Puppy Sale.” Or maybe you were walking into a department store and sitting in the hot parking lot was a family of five with a box marked “Free Puppies.” Either way, you were hooked. You can’t say no to those big brown eyes so you take the little fluff ball home with you.
Congratulations, you just made common mistake number one! Animals should never be an impulse item. Animals are Sentient beings capable of emotions, the ability to feel pain, and unique personalities and traits. All dogs are individuals, but within breeds you may see certain traits that are common characteristics of the breed. Before getting a dog, sit down and ask ask yourself these questions:
Do I have time for a puppy?
Do you like sleep? Too bad, you’ll be getting up every few hours to let the puppy out unless you litter train him. Want to go on vacation to Barbados? You’d better find some one to watch Fido for a week. Enjoy your spare time? A lot of it will be spent training Rex and taking him on a  2-4 mile round trip walk. Puppies are a lot of work, if you don’t have the time to meet everyone of her needs then you had better not get her. But that’s okay, guinea pigs make fun pets too. Try that instead.
Do I have the money for a puppy?
There is no way around it, puppy’s cost money. That first year you are going to be dropping major bank on supplies, food, veterinary care, training and even replacements for destroyed household items. If you can not afford a dog then don’t get a dog. It is illegal, not to mention unethical, to get a dog and not care for him. If you can not meet Rover’s needs then he is better off without you. But hey, goldfish are cheap. 
What breed is right for me?
Okay, we’ve established that you have the time and money to take care of a little puppy, now you need to decide which one is right for you. If you are a marathon runner maybe you want a running mate? An athletic Pit bull Terrier may make an excellent jogging buddy, an English Bulldog would not. Say you are a couch potato who considers going to the kitchen for a soda to be a week’s worth of exercise. A Boxer would be the wrong kind of dog for you, but a Pug may be right up your alley. Got four kids? A rambunctious Lab may have the energy to keep up with small children. Do your homework and really research what breed of dog is right for you, but remember that these are guidelines only. All dogs are different, even within a breed standard.
Finding your dog
Pound Puppies: 
Congratulations, you saved a life! Every day shelters in America are forced to kill 30,000 dogs and cats. The life of the dog you saved could turn out to be your very best friend. Older dogs know that you rescued them from a bad situation and many bond stronger with you than if they came from a breeder. Adopting a pound puppy is an excellent option, but it is not without its disadvantages. Older dogs may have ‘baggage,’ older dogs and puppies may have minor health problems such as malnutrition, worms or other parasites. Fortunately, these minor health problems are usually pretty easy to fix.
When adopting from a shelter, unless you are adopting an ‘owner surrender’  it is unlikely you will know anything about the dogs back story; where he came from, how he’s been treated, etc. The breed of dog may also be a surprise. I once trained a dog that weighed 30lbs, the dog was a pound puppy and was adopted out as a chihuahua! Shelter workers and volunteers make their best guesses, but in the end, that’s all it is– Guesswork.
Getting a mixed breed from a pound can have the advantage of not developing breed specific illnesses, but if you have your mind set on a purebred dog, take heart. A quarter of all pound puppies are purebred. There are also Breed Rescues that cater to certain specific breeds.
If you are going to adopt a dog from a breeder then do your homework. Many breeders are backyard breeders out to make a quick buck. These irresponsible breeders will not do background checks for hereditary health issues, they won’t screen potential owners and many of them will get rid of the puppy before it is developmentally ready. Never get a puppy if she is under 8 weeks old. 8 weeks should be the minimum age you take the dog home.
Not all breeders are irresponsible, some do it out of love for the breed and a genuine love of animals. Look for a breeder who has done hereditary checks and who screens potential owners. Look at the price of the dog, a healthy dog from a reputable breeder is going to cost you a mint. But it’s worth it to know that you got a healthy pup. Look at the home of the breeder.
-Is it clean?
-Are there too many dogs there?
-Does the dame look friendly and healthy?
-Are the puppies eyes clean and bright?
-Is the puppies skin elastic?
-Are the puppies active and curious?
-Is the anus free of fecal matter?
-Are the yard and kennel odor free?
If you answered ‘no’ to just one of these questions then get the dog elsewhere. I don’t care how attached you are to the cute little brown one, or that you drove 30 miles just to get there. Don’t support bad breeders. It could be that the health and well being of your dog that is at stake. A good breeder makes very little profit on the dogs, even on a dog you paid several hundred dollars for. This is because so much is put into the care and well being of the puppy before he leaves the home. A good breeder will make you sign a waiver saying that you will return the dog to them if things don’t work out. 
Puppy Mills: 
There is no nice way to say this so I’m just going to be blunt. Don’t get a dog from a puppy mill. Just don’t do it. There is no excuse to support puppy mill operators. If you want to help those dogs then call the authorities or the Humane Society. Puppy Mills are a business, run strictly for profit. Dogs are kept in deplorable environments; deprived of comfort, human interaction, and canine interaction. Puppies often leave the puppy mills with serious health and behaviour problems. Female breeding stock are kept caged and continually bred for years. When she has outlived her usefulness she is then killed, abandoned or sold to another mill.
Pet stores: 
Pet stores almost always get their puppies from puppy mills. They may try to dress it up and tell you about the “farm” that the puppy was lovingly raised on, but the truth is that even the fanciest pet store in the nicest part of town got their dogs from puppy mills. The puppies go straight from the mill to the store and miss out on a crucial socialization period. They are often sold with little to no thought about their health and well being. Many have health and behaviour issues brought about by lack of socialization. The puppies are sold to the consumer and it becomes their problem. Pet stores often have “guarantees” on their puppies promising replacement puppies if yours suddenly dies. They are able to do this because the markup is so high. Every dog purchased from a pet store encourages the store and the puppy mill to continue the endless cycle of abuse.
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A Brief History

Dogs and humans have been sharing quarters for the past several thousand years or so. (The exact figure is under considerable debate.) Dogs actually predate civilization. Brought together by a mutual need for food and protection, early man discovered that hunting was made easier with wolves, and having an active alarm system during a time when predatory dangers abound is a considerable advantage. Dogs were the first animals to be domesticated. In a process called selective breeding, the tamer wolf pups were kept, trained and bred, while the shyer wolves were driven away. Interestingly, while the more aggressive wolves were being culled, so were the people who did not like wolves. People who did not keep wolves lost the evolutionary advantage of having a hunter and protector. Their genes did not get passed on. This may be why dogs are popular in every single culture on earth.
In the 19th century excavators in Belgium found a skull of a dog dated to about 31,700 years ago. This skull had a shorter muzzle than wolves from the same time period. The second oldest skeleton wasn’t found until 14,000 years ago in Russia. It is uncertain whether or not dogs were a regular part of life and how much of a role they payed in the interim. What we do know for certain is that by 10,000 years ago, dogs were deeply entwined with human life in China and Africa.
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In 2009, The Royal Institute of Stockholm (led by Peter Savolainen) published an analysis of the mitochondrial DNA of 1,500 dogs scattered across the Old World. 

According to Savolainen,
“We found that dogs were first domesticated at a single event, sometime less than 16,300 years ago, south of the Yangtze River.” he believes that all dogs came from a population of 51 female wolves. The timing of the domestication of early wolves coincides with the origin of rice agriculture. It is possible, but not definitive, that early farmers or sedentary hunter/gatherers were the first to domesticate the wolf.
Complicating matters, is Robert Wayne of the University of California, Los Angeles, who showed in 2010, that the DNA of the domestic dog most closely resembles that of the Near Eastern wolf. Wayne believes that dogs were first domesticated in the Middle East.
The discrepancies may suggest that domestication was not a single event, but rather that it happened in multiple locations at different times. Sisan Crockford, archeozoologist at the University of Victoria has evidence that there was a “separate origin of North American dogs, distinct from a Middle Eastern origin”.
Regardless of when how or why they came to be domesticated, there is no doubt that they played many roles in every culture on earth.
As wolves continued to be bred, they began to change in physical characteristics. Their fur changed, their teeth changed and they lost strength in their jaws, the ears of some breeds became less erect and they began to change sizes. By the Bronze Age there were five distinct breeds: Mastiffs, wolf dogs, Greyhounds, pointing dogs and shepherding dogs. By the Greek and Roman empires their duties had expanded from hunters, herders and guardians to pets. 
Archeologists in 2006 found the preserved remains of about 80 dogs among the 2000 people buried in an ancient cemetery near the city of Ilo, Peru. Each dog had his own grave near his owner and almost all of them died of natural causes. Some were buried in fine linen blankets and many were buried next to fish and llama bones. (Presumably as a snack for the afterlife.) These dogs were pets but it is also likely that they were used for herding llamas and alpacas.
In 1902, archeologists have also uncovered the mummy of a small dog dating back to the 4th century B.C., in the city of Abydos. The dog died around the age of two, and had the build of a Jack Russell Terrier. Salima Ikram of American University in Cairo, believes that the dog went into mourning after his owner passed and died shortly after. “There are much earlier Middle Kingdom tombs that depict a man and his dog, and both are named so that they can survive into the afterworld together.”
Throughout history, there have been countless dog burials excavated, many of them have been found next to their people. This underscores the deep bond that people and animals share. Not only do the animals go on into the afterlife with their people, but many are also given elaborate burials. This indicates that the ancient people believed that the animals souls lived on, the same as a humans. Animals and ancient people shared much, including spirituality. 
It is not uncommon to see the role that animals play in religion. The Vedic hymns in India assume an encounter with dogs in the afterlife, Cerberus guards the entrance to Hell in Greek and Roman mythology, and the Aztecs believe that the dead enter the afterlife grasping the tail of Xolotl, the dog god. Similarly, in the American Southwest, the Native Americans believed that dogs would escort the recently departed into the afterlife.
The ancient peoples recognized a spirituality about dogs than many modern people miss. According to a Gallup poll, 80% of Americans believe that they will go to Heaven when they die, but only 43% believe that animals will go to Heaven with them. Does this mean that somewhere along the lines humans lost their spirituality? Or that dogs did? That discussion is best left for a different website. 
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As the centuries and cultures marched on, dogs began to take on many shapes and forms. From the diminutive chihuahua to the mighty Cane Corso, all share the same DNA. UCLA Canid Biologist and Moleculer geneticist Robert Wayne has traced dogs directly to the grey wolf. An act that has led to their reclassification in 1993 from canis familiaris to canis lupus familiaris. This is why, theoretically a Dachshund could breed with an Irish Wolfhound or even a Grey Wolf and their offspring would turn out viable.
Dogs have worked for humans for thousands of years, but their jobs have changed over time. Dogs went from Hunting and herding to Police and disability assistance dogs. Dogs have worked on farms, in airports, in the military, in search and rescue. Dogs have been used to sniff out mold or mildew, and in swanky hotels, dogs have been employed to sniff out bed bugs. Throughout the world, in Industrial cities and farming communities, there are dogs who live the same today as they have 15,000 years ago.
Time may march on, but dogs and people share a bond that can not be easily broken.